var—a variable name.
string—a form; evaluated to produce a string.
start, end—bounding index designators of string.
The defaults for start and end are
declaration—a declare expression; not evaluated.
forms—an implicit progn.
result—the values returned by the forms.
Creates an input string stream, provides an opportunity to perform operations on the stream (returning zero or more values), and then closes the string stream.
String is evaluated first, and var is bound to a character input string stream that supplies characters from the subsequence of the resulting string bounded by start and end. The body is executed as an implicit progn.
The input string stream is automatically closed on exit from
with-input-from-string, no matter whether the exit is normal or abnormal.
The input string stream to which the variable var
is bound has dynamic extent;
its extent ends when the form is exited.
The index is a pointer within the string to be advanced.
is exited normally, then index will have
as its value
the index into the string indicating the first character not read
) if all characters were used.
The place specified by index
is not updated as reading progresses, but only at the
end of the operation.
start and index may both specify the same variable, which is a pointer within the string to be advanced, perhaps repeatedly by some containing loop.
The consequences are undefined if an attempt is made to assign the variable var.
(with-input-from-string (s "XXX1 2 3 4xxx" :index ind :start 3 :end 10) (+ (read s) (read s) (read s))) → 6 ind → 9 (with-input-from-string (s "Animal Crackers" :index j :start 6) (read s)) → CRACKERS
j is set to
The value of the place named by index, if any, is modified.
make-string-input-stream, Section 3.6 (Traversal Rules and Side Effects)