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write-to-string, prin1-to-string, princ-to-string (Function)

— Function: write-to-string object &key array base case circle escape gensym
length level lines miser-width pprint-dispatch
pretty radix readably right-margin
— Function: prin1-to-string object string
— Function: princ-to-string object string
Arguments and Values:

object—an object.

array—a generalized boolean.

base—a radix.

case—a symbol of type (member :upcase :downcase :capitalize).

circle—a generalized boolean.

escape—a generalized boolean.

gensym—a generalized boolean.

length—a non-negative integer, or nil.

level—a non-negative integer, or nil.

lines—a non-negative integer, or nil.

miser-width—a non-negative integer, or nil.

pprint-dispatch—a pprint dispatch table.

pretty—a generalized boolean.

radix—a generalized boolean.

readably—a generalized boolean.

right-margin—a non-negative integer, or nil.

string—a string.


write-to-string, prin1-to-string, and princ-to-string are used to create a string consisting of the printed representation of object. Object is effectively printed as if by write, prin1, or princ, respectively, and the characters that would be output are made into a string.

write-to-string is the general output function. It has the ability to specify all the parameters applicable to the printing of object.

prin1-to-string acts like write-to-string with :escape t, that is, escape characters are written where appropriate.

princ-to-string acts like write-to-string with :escape nil :readably nil. Thus no escape characters are written.

All other keywords that would be specified to write-to-string are default values when prin1-to-string or princ-to-string is invoked.

The meanings and defaults for the keyword arguments to write-to-string are the same as those for write.

 (prin1-to-string "abc")  "\"abc\""
 (princ-to-string "abc")  "abc"
Affected By:

*print-escape*, *print-radix*, *print-base*, *print-circle*, *print-pretty*, *print-level*, *print-length*, *print-case*, *print-gensym*, *print-array*, *read-default-float-format*.

See Also:


 (write-to-string object {key argument}*)
≡ (with-output-to-string (#1=#:string-stream)
     (write object :stream #1# {key argument}*))

 (princ-to-string object)
≡ (with-output-to-string (string-stream)
     (princ object string-stream))

 (prin1-to-string object)
≡ (with-output-to-string (string-stream)
     (prin1 object string-stream))