Next: , Previous: remhash, Up: Hash Tables

maphash (Function)

— Function: maphash function hash-table nil
Arguments and Values:

function—a designator for a function of two arguments, the key and the value.

hash-table—a hash table.


Iterates over all entries in the hash-table. For each entry, the function is called with two arguments—the key and the value of that entry.

The consequences are unspecified if any attempt is made to add or remove an entry from the hash-table while a maphash is in progress, with two exceptions: the function can use can use setf of gethash to change the value part of the entry currently being processed, or it can use remhash to remove that entry.

 (setq table (make-hash-table))  #<HASH-TABLE EQL 0/120 32304110>
 (dotimes (i 10) (setf (gethash i table) i))  NIL
 (let ((sum-of-squares 0))
    (maphash #'(lambda (key val)
                 (let ((square (* val val)))
                   (incf sum-of-squares square)
                   (setf (gethash key table) square)))
    sum-of-squares)  285
 (hash-table-count table)  10
 (maphash #'(lambda (key val)
               (when (oddp val) (remhash key table)))
           table)  NIL
 (hash-table-count table)  5
 (maphash #'(lambda (k v) (print (list k v))) table)
(0 0)
(8 64)
(2 4)
(6 36)
(4 16)
Side Effects:

None, other than any which might be done by the function.

See Also:

loop, with-hash-table-iterator, Section 3.6 (Traversal Rules and Side Effects)